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  1. Make it a rule: going out switch off all lights!
  2. Use local lights when there is no need for general lighting
  3. Replace incandescent bulbs with energy-saving ones where they work for a long time. In bathrooms, storerooms (short-term switching on), you can leave incandescent bulbs.

Although energy-saving bulbs are 10 times more expensive than conventional incandescent bulbs, their service life is by 8-10 times higher and they consume by 5 times less energy. For example, a compact energy-saving bulb of 12 W gives as much light as a 60 W incandescent bulb. The average service life of a conventional incandescent bulb is 1,000 hours and the service life of a luminescent bulb is 8,000-10,000 hours. You can forget about replacing the bulbs for several years.

  1. Switch off electrical appliances that are in standby mode for a long time

Even in standby mode, household appliances absorb energy.

  1. Use household appliances of energy efficiency class not lower than A

The additional power consumption for outdated models of household devices is approximately 50%. For example, in energy-saving models of washing machines, the weight of the loaded clothes is automatically determined and, accordingly, the flow of water is regulated. Due to this, less water is consumed and, accordingly, the savings on heating the electricity is up to 40%. When fully loaded, this machine saves 0.4 kW per hour. When loading of the same tank of the washing machine is only half, 50% of its power is consumed idle. And by the way, washing at 30 ° C, instead of the usual 40 ° C, allows you to save 40% of energy. At the same time, the quality of washing remains the same, as modern washing powders are designed to efficiently wash clothes at low temperatures.

  1. Set the refrigerator correctly

If you want to save on electricity, do not place it near a radiator or a gas stove. The refrigerator will use less energy by 20-30% if it is placed near the outer wall, but not close to it.

  1. Cool the cooked food before placing it in the refrigerator and do not leave its door open

Systematically inspect the door seal. Even a small gap in the seal increases the power consumption by 20-30%.

  1. Defrost the refrigerator more often. Ice in the refrigerator does not cool, but on the contrary, it works as a heat insulator.
  2. Follow the state of the cooker in the kitchen

If you have an electric stove in the kitchen, make sure that the burners are not deformed and fit snugly against the bottom of the cookware. This eliminates excessive consumption of heat and electricity. A dish with an uneven bottom can lead to an overuse of electricity to 40-60%. Use dishes with a bottom, which is equal to or slightly higher than the diameter of the electric plate. Cover the dishes on the stove with a lid. This also leads to saving electricity when cooking.

  1. Use the residual heat of household appliances

Do not turn on the electric cooker in the kitchen beforehand and turn it off somewhat earlier than necessary for the full preparation of the dish - use the residual heat of the burners. For example, in the iron there remains residual heat, which is enough for a few minutes ironing. An ironing board with a heat reflector is also a great way to save electric energy. And it should be born in mind that clothes that are too dry or too wet have to be ironed longer than those that are a little wet, which means that there is a greater consumption of electric energy.

  1. Clean the kettle of scale and boil in it as much water as you want to use

Scale in the kettle conducts heat almost thirty times worse than metal therefore it significantly increases the amount of electric energy consumption for boiling water.

  1. Use light colors for painting walls and ceilings

A smooth white wall reflects 80% of the rays and lighting costs are reduced by 10-15%.

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